Summer is right around the corner and people are ready to soak up the sun. Before hitting outdoors people should know whether their sunscreens are really working for them or not. People should choose the right sunscreen according to their skin type. There are many high end sunscreen brands that offers considerable protection from both UVA and UVB rays that are dangerous for the skin and may cause cancer and early aging.
So which is the best sunscreen for you??
Look for sunscreens which has the one or more following ingredients such as benzophenones (oxybenzone), cinnamates (octylmethyl cinnamate and cinoxate), sulisobenzone, salicylates, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, avobenzone (Parsol 1789) and ecamsule (Mexoryl SX).
If you choose a SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 it rates how effective the sunscreen is in preventing sunburn caused by sun rays. If you would normally burn in 10 minutes, SPF 15 multiplies that by a factor of 15, meaning you could go 150 minutes before burning.
For the vast majority of people, SPF 15 is fine. But people who have very fair skin, a family history of skin cancer, or conditions like lupus that increase sensitivity to sunlight should consider SPF 30 or higher. Keep in mind that the higher the SPF, the smaller the increased benefit: contrary to what you might think, SPF 30 isn’t twice as strong as SPF 15. While SPF 15 filters out 93% of UVB, SPF 30 filters out 97%, only a slight improvement.
Sunscreen should be applied liberally onto the face and other exposed parts of the body, 20 minutes before heading out in the sun and should be reapplied every 2 hours if you are outdoors in the sun throughout the day or for prolonged hours. If you are going to be exercising or in the water, it is worth getting a water or sweat proof resistant sunscreen. Water resistant sunscreen as meaning that the SPF level stays effective after 40 minutes in the water. Very water resistant means it holds after 80 minutes of swimming. These sunscreens are in no way water-proof, so you’ll need to reapply them regularly if you’re taking a dip.
If you are prone to skin allergies, breakouts or have a very sensitive skin you can opt for sunscreens which has titanium dioxide or zinc oxide instead of chemicals like para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), dioxybenzone, oxybenzone, or sulisobenzone. These sunscreens can also be applied on kids who are 6 months and older. If you have skin irritation or allergies, avoid sunscreens with alcohol, fragrances, or preservatives. Sunscreens can be applied along with a moisturizer for the people who have dry skin or only sunscreen alone according to the skin type. As long as they meet the UVA and UVB requirements above, you can give them a try and see what works best.